Quora精選:牛津大學的學霸是怎么學習的?

出自:英語語法  發布于:2021年07月30日

What are the study habits of top students at Oxford University?牛津大學學霸有什么學習習慣?

獲得44.7k好評的回答@Benjamin McEvoy:

Study Habit #1 - Go to your lectures.學習習慣#1——去聽講座。

For the first 2 years of Oxford, I went to maybe 4 lectures out of hundreds available. I was arrogant, foolish, lazy, and severely disadvantaging myself.在牛津的前兩年,有數百場講座,而我大概只去了4場。我很自負、愚蠢、懶惰,嚴重地害了自己。

In my third year, I went to almost every single lecture available. Including those involving topics I was not personally involved or interested in. 大三時幾乎每場講座我都去,包括我涉及不到的或不感興趣的話題。

My mind changed when I actually went to lectures. 去聽講座以后我的想法變了。

Firstly, lectures are FUN! Sure, some of them suck. But I found so many gems that influenced my thinking. I found so many passionate, knowledgeable speakers who got me excited about the topic. 首先,講座很有趣!當然有些講座很差勁,但我發現了很多影響我思想的有價值的講座,我發現了很多有激情有學識的演講者,他們使我對那個話題都感興趣了。

Second, I remembered more stuff! An hour in the lecture hall has massive returns on investment.其次,我記住了更多東西!你投入到講座的一個小時會有豐厚回報。

Study Habit #2: Be an active student.學習習慣#2:做一個積極的學生。

For my first year at Oxford, I barely said anything in tutorials. I didn’t volunteer in discussions and, as a result, I didn’t understand much. 我在牛津的第一年在導師個別指導課上很少說話。我不會主動參與任何討論,所以理解的也不好。

My understandings of different texts never matured or became complex. They stayed the same. And they were often wrong. 我對不同文本的理解一直都不成熟,也不深刻,理解能力一如從前,也經常是錯的。

Then, somewhere in the middle of my second year, I got over myself and offered more of my own opinions. I responded to others, asked thoughtful questions, and interacted way more.后來大二期中的一段時間我開始超越自己,更多地提出自己的想法,響應其他人,問有深度的問題,和別人的互動也多了。

Being an active student also means asking for help. The smartest people in the world learned everything from other smart people.做一個積極的學生也意味著向他人求助,世界上最聰明的人的智慧都是從其他聰明人那兒學來的。

Study Habit #3: Establish a perfect study environment.學習習慣#3:建立完美的學習環境。

This is a very personal place and it needs to be somewhere you instantly click into study mode. 這個地方因人而異,你需要找一個能讓你立刻進入學習狀態的地方。

It might be your dorm room. It might be your library. It might be your local coffee shop. 可能是你的宿舍;可能是圖書館;可能是當地的咖啡店。

My perfect study environment was actually the Oxford English Faculty building. 最適合我的學習地點其實是牛津英語學院教學樓。

This is where all my lectures were. It was totally silent.我的課都在那兒上,那里很安靜。

Study Habit #4: Study in small chunks.學習習慣#4:把學習內容分成小塊。

It doesn’t matter how much new information you stuff into your head if you forget it the next day or cannot apply it. 如果所學內容第二天就忘了或者不會應用的話你往腦袋里塞多少新知識都沒用。

When you structure your studying, the most important task is always to ensure you are remembering the information you have already learned. 安排學習任務時最重要的是總要確保自己記住了所學內容。

That always comes first.這才是你首先要考慮的。

In order to improve your retention and absorb more information, you need to break your studying up into manageable blocks (not studying new information for hours on end) and reviewing what you’ve previously learned in each new block.為了改善記憶力記住更多知識,你需要把所學內容分成易掌握的模塊(不要連續幾小時學習新知識),并且在學習新模塊時復習一下之前所學的內容。

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